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   Menu Tourism The Provinces

 The Provinces

Mozambique has 10 provinces different and complimenting each other, which makes really rich the cultural and climate diversities.

Cabo Delgado

Nampula
The Maputo City (as province)Niassa
Gaza Sofala
InhambaneTete
ManicaZambézia

Cabo Delgado
Cabo Delgado is the home of the Makonde ethnic group originally concentrated in the Mueda plateau. They are a people with very strong, unique culture with a natural talent for wood and ivory carving. They still practice their ancestral customs such as ritual tattooing and teeth filing.

General Description
Surface area: 82,625 km2 including 4,758 km2 of inland waters.
Situation: Northeast extremity of the country
Geographical limits:
North:
The Rovuma river forms the national border with the United Republic of Tanzania.
South: The Lúrio river separates Cabo Delgado from the province of Nampula.
West: (from north to south) the Lugenda,Cuambeze, Kuaca and Mewo rivers
that establish the border with the province of Niassa.
East: The Indian Ocean along a 425 km coast line.
Climate: The annual average temperature is 26º C.
Population: 1.540.000 inhabitants 51 % of which are women.
Languages:
• Portuguese - is the official language
• Macua, Makonde, Kimwane, Swahili, Ajaua, Macue e Ingoni
Major products:
• marble
• clay
• Graphite
• precious woods.
This province offers extraordinarily beautiful beaches with emerald green waters, reefs and deep Blue Ocean. The Quirimba Archipelago which was in the past a major slave trafficking centre has now become a national conservation reserve.

Points of note about the Province
• It is the cradle of the Makonde nation ;
• Is a great production centre of marble and precious woods;
• The Quirimba Islands at present a national park was in the past a great centre for slave trafficking.

What to visit
The northern coast of Mozambique has been throughout the centuries a place where different cultures merged and have left their imprint. This cultural heritage allied to the natural beauty of the landscape and the magnificence of its beaches is obvious attractions to a visitor.

Historical and Tourist Sites:

City of Pemba
Historical sites:
Down town, Fort Romero and Fort Paquitequete.
Tourist Attractions: Wimbe beach, the lighthouse, Petromoc, Inos, Maringanha,Chibuabuar and Chuiba.
The District of Palma
Historical sites: Tungai and Mbwezi ruins (ruins of the palace of the sultan of Mascar) and the ruins at Vamize Island.
Tourist Attractions: The lighthouse, Pundanhar,Mandinba, Nhica do Rovuma, the Rovuma river basin, Nhika do Rovuma’s lagoon, Quiomba lagoon (rich in wildlife), and the Ngogi,Ulumbe and Senga beaches.

The District of Nangane
Historical sites:
Lishonde mountains, the 25th of June monument (starting point for for the torch of unity, Nangade social centre, Lupudi boarding school, Nagade crèche and Januário Pedro’s tomb.
Tourist Attractions: Nangade lagoon, the Rovuma river, Lidede lagoon, the Beira military base, 25th September village, Namiuine village and the Nangade social centre.

The District of Mocímboa da Praia
Historical sites: Mocímboa Velha (slave trading), the wall erected to commemorate the 17 Frelimo soldiers killed during the National Liberation struggle, Natuco singumbaia, Inhambane and Metangula military bases, Mpanga (forced labour camp),muengue (place where the torch of liberty was received), Ntende (site of the killing of many Mozambicans suspected of carrying Frelimo party cards).
Monuments: Nalole house and square, 25th September monument at Buji (where 17 Frelimo soldiers were killed in action in 1969).

The District of Mueda
Historical sites:
Namachakole trench (Lilondo suburb), the tombs of 11 Frelimo fighters killed in combat at Negomano, tombs of 43 Frelimo fighters killed at Nacatar, Chilindi (site of a popular rally led by the President of Frelimo, Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane at Namatil (Ornar post).
Tourist attractions: Negomano headquarters and Namachakole trench.
Monuments: Monument in honour of the martyrs of the Mueda massacre.

The District of Muidumbe
Historical sites: Kunanyoka Mountain (site of a landslide in 24.03.1966), Nangololo – first mission on the Makonde plateau and Mozambique Base – central headquarters of Frelimo.
Tourist attractions: Nguri lagoon, Mozambique Base.

The District of Macomia
Historical sites:
site of the massacre at Nkusha, Chai Administrative Post, Maputo Base, Gaza Base, Mozambicam Heroes Square.
Tourist attractions: Pangane, Messano and Goludo beaches.
Religious sites: Bangala1 (Namanjalani and Nanga.
The District of Melico
Historical sites: Manica Base, Nkukutuko – site where PIDE/DGS buried people alive, Unamapwe.
Tourist attractions: the Kwei mountain, theKwero Mountain, Tipamoko, Unlukuni.

The District of Ancuabe
Historical sites:
Mesa Mountain (natural rock flat areas) and the mission of the Immaculate Heart of Mariri.
Tourist attractions: Ngura Nlopa, Miegane (Rati), Santo Isidro village (old Namahora dam site – Nsanja village.

The District of Ibo
Historical sites:
the fort of São José
Tourist attractions: Inlamba odi, Nantutu (bat-rock – Matemo), Munawe (islet), Kunkuba (Materno).
Monuments: the Independence Square at the Mujaca lighthouse.
Package tours: Quirimba Archipelago (islands of Rolas, Materno, Ibo, Quirimba, Sencar and Kili ).

The District of Quissanga
Historical sites: Báswara (first known human settlement in the region), Bilibiza lagoon and the village of Nhara.
Tourist attractions: Mefunvo, Quipeco, Quiziwi, Arimba Tandanhangue, Quissanga beach.
Tradicional dances: Dikiri, Kirimo, Tufo, Limbodo, Baleto,Chimbambanda,Macussannya, Mapiko, Nampara, Makorokoto, Bampi, Rumba, nchaila, Herekeze, Kkola and Nihere.

The District of Pemba – Metuge
Historical sites: Pampira-londo fountain.
Tourist attractions: Bandar beach, Mweve and Namau.
The District of Mecufi
Historical sites: Ingonane wall ruins (whose foundations were according to local lore laid by an angel called Muanadi) and Ngomene (slave port).
Tourist attractions: Peponi beach, Murewe, Mecufi village, Sambene wetlands (with a number of small-sized species), Continuadores beach and Murrebwe.

The District of Chiure
Historical sites: Oporokumassi, old Mosque at Chiure-Velho.
Tourist attractions: the Lúrio river waterfalls.
The District of Montepuez
Historical sites: Cabir (common grave of 11 militia soldiers killed by RENAMO on 12 February 1991), Ncoripo burial site of three traditional chiefs and one assistant (one of the graves contains the remains of two corpses).
Tourist attractions: Kambako Safaris, Negomano Safaris, Mapupulo dam.

The District of Namuno
Historical sites:
Machoca, the mission of Saint Mary of Namuno.
Tourist attractions: Pambara (sacred site), Ucula on the Lúrio river bank (scenic and recreational site), Natala waterfalls on the Muatage river (viewing of antelopes and monkeys), Ncumpe (elephant and buffalo).

The District of Balama
Historical sites:
Kwekwe and Namwetomoka dams.
Tourist attractions: Maço mountain (highest point in the province) – wildlife – elephant, buffalo, lion,antelopes), Chipembe (agricultural and cattle farming development projects)

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The Maputo City (as province)
The capital city offers the visitor great business and leisure opportunities. With its broad avenues lined with red acacia and jacaranda trees the city has a wide variety of historical and cultural points of interest.

Points of note about the Province
• Contrast between rural and urban life;
• Famous for its bay (Espírito Santo now

What to visit

In Maputo:
• The Iron House: Downtown next to Independence Square. Late 19th century Belgium prefabricated structure commissioned by the colonial government. It was designed in the Gustave Eiffel style and it was intended as the residence for the Mozambique Governor-General.
• The Tunduru Botanical Gardens: Situated on Samora Machel Av.,downtown Maputo, it was created in 1885 and has a diverse collection of indigenous and exotic plants.
• Nossa Senhora da Conceição Fort: On the 25th of June Square, downtown Maputo, tel. 21307285. Built in 1781, it houses today the colonial Military Museum with relics from the colonial era. Open throughout the week from 9.00 to 12.00 am and from 2.00 to 5.00 pm with free entrance.
• Central Market: In the centre of town, it known informally as the downtown market. Built in 1901, it is a colourful place where one finds everything from fresh produce (vegetables, fruit, herbs, seafood, etc.) to cosmetics and handicrafts.
• Maputo Mosque: is situated at Mosque St. and was built in 1877 in a rectangular configuration. It was restored recently.
• Downtown Mosque: built at the beginning of the 20th century;
• The Yellow House: at adjoining 25th of June Square was for a while the headquarters of the colonial government and it is today the Mint Museum;
• The Mozambican Heroes’ Square : is situated at the Acordos de Lusaka Av. The monument is star shaped and placed at the centre of the square and houses the mortal remains of the Mozambican Heroes of the Independence and post-independence periods, including those of Eduardo Mondlane and Samora Machel,
• The Museum of Natural History: is situated at Travessa do Zambeze Square where several wildlife species are exhibited and where a unique worldwide collection of elephant foetuses, in their monthly gestation evolution, can be admired;
• The National Art Museum: is situated at Ho Chi Ming Av.
• The National Geology Museum: is situated at 24th of July Av.;
• The Revolution Museum: is situated at 24th of July Av
• The Mint Museum: is situated at Consiglieri Pedroso St.

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Gaza

For those travellers coming from Maputo, South Africa or Swaziland, through the inevitable EN1 highway, in search of the more amenable beaches north of Maputo, can visit the beach at Bilene, 30 km away from the main road, situated by the shores of a great lagoon, 27 km in length, and opened to the sea.
In addition one can also enjoy the beaches at Chongoene and Zongoene, each one with its particular charm, situated at the mouth of the Limpopo River.
For lovers of ecotourism this province offers access to the Área Transfronteira do Grande Limpopo (Great Trans-frontier Limpopo Park) with its richness in fauna and biodiversity.

Points of note about the Province

• Better known as the breadbasket of the country;
• Great rice producer in the Limpopo valley;
• Where one finds the Xai-Xai beach and the marine turtles habitats.

What to visit
• Besides the beaches of Bilene, Xai-Xai, Chidenguele and Zonguene, one can visit the national parks at Banhine, Zinave and Limpopo which is integrated in the Limpopo Great Trans Frontier Park (with the Kruger National Park , the Makulete Park of South Africa and the Gonarezhou National Park of Zimbabwe)
•  The Massingir dam is situated next to the village that gave its name and adjoins the Limpopo Park.
• At the Limpopo delta, one can watch and photograph many animal species in their natural habitat.
Visit the irrigated agricultural zone at Chókwé.

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Inhambane
It was baptized by Vasco da Gama on his way to India in 1498 as the “Land of the Good People”. It is one of the oldest towns in southern Africa.
With its imposing buildings and endless crystal clear beaches where in numerous water sports such as fishing, scuba diving, sand boarding, snorkelling and deep sea fishing can be enjoyed.
It is a wild place with paradisiacal islands such as Bazaruto, Magarruque and Benguerra that constitute the National Park of the Bazaruto Archipelago with varieties of flora and fauna that deserve to be appreciated.

At Inhambane, along the coast from south to north a deep sea inlet can be observed :

• It is covered by extensive palm-tree groves.
• Renowned for one of the most famous archipelagos in the country, the Bazaruto archipelago.
• Famous for its sweet tangerines.
• Tourism is the big bet for the economy of this province.

Points of note about the Province
• It is covered by extensive palm-tree groves
• Renowned for one of the most famous archipelagos in the country, the Bazaruto archipelago
• Famous for its sweet tangerines.
• Tourism is the biggest contributor for the economy of this province.

What to visit
• Inhambane has got world class beaches, like Paindane, Jangamo, Baia dos Cocos, Tofo, Morrungulo, Vilamkulo, Inhassoro and in the Bazaruto islands.
• Matsua and Bitonga local villages.
• The historic town of Inhambane, with a museum, where on display are musical and agricultural instruments, photographs of the colonial era and a number of artifacts typical of African culture.
• In the Casa da Cultura there is a very old locomotive on show;
• The Cathedral of Nª Srª da Conceição built in the XVIII century;
• The Inhambane Mosque built during the middle of the XIX century;
• The National and Reserves and Parks of Zinave, Limpopo, Bazaruto and Pomene.

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Manica
Far away from the coast and to west one finds the province of Manica, an enticing tourist destination home to rock paintings of Chinhamapere, the conservation areas of Chimanimani, the Penhalonga mountains alongside the Zimbabwean border with its ecological trails.
Manica is situated in the central interior area of the country. To the North is the Province of Tete, to the South, the Provinces of Inhambane and Gaza, to the East the Province of Sofala and to the West, Zimbabwe.
The Province of Manica is one of the highest in country and the source of many of the rivers that flow east towards the Indian Ocean.
The mountain water is pure and light, in particular the waters of Mountain Vumba, bottled and distributed throughout most of the country.
The capital is Chimoio, an important economic centre of the Province.
Vila Manica, benefitting greatly from frontier commerce, is the second largest urban centre.
The main ethnic groups are the Shonas, the Senas and the Ndau.

Points of note about the Province
• Essentially an agricultural province with a good plateau climate.
• Producer of a vast diversity of fruits and horticultural produce.
• Inland tourism but with access to beaches at Beira.

What to visit
In Chimoio, the mural in Praça dos Heróis is a testimony to independence. The Mosque is worthy of a visit as is also the Provincial Library, housed in a typical colonial era building.
In Vila Manica, after passing through the charming historic gates, is the Geology Museum installed in a beautiful colonial era house and where on show is a varied and rare collection of the minerals and rocks to be found in this region.
Near Vila Manica, is the fort of Macequece, built by the Portuguese to strengthen their hold on the land.
About 5 Km from Chimoio, is “cabeça do velho”, (the old man’s head), an incredible natural stone formation resembling profile of an old man’s face.
A little further on, about 50 Km from Chimoio, in Revué is the Chicamba Real Dam, and about one Km higher up is a belvedere providing a magnificent view over the lake. Photography lovers can find numerous species of exotic and rare birds in this region.
Chinhamapere is a sacred place for the local inhabitants. Here the paintings engraved on rocks testify to the presence of the ancient people who once lived here.

Maputo
General Description
Superfície
23.576 Km2
Major products:
• Citrinos
• Açúcar
• Diatomites
• Bentonite
• Calcário
Ponta do Ouro is situated 116 km away from the city’s capital and has magnificent and pristine beaches with fine white sands.
Inhaca Island, 34 km away from the capital, is a biological reserve with magnificent multicoloured coral reefs, diversity of birds, plains, lagoons and in numerable sand dunes.

What to visit
In the City of Maputo:
• Ilha Inhaca, 15 minutes from Maputo by air, or 3 hours by boat boasts magnificent coral reefs and the interesting Marine Biology Museum.
• The “Pequenos Libombo” Dam, built on the River Umbelúzi.
• The Maputo Reserve, south of the city, on the way to Ponto de Ouro, is famous for its elephant herds and the bands of flamingos to be seen on the lakes that have formed near the coast.
• In Namaacha there is a magnificent waterfall.
• Macaneta Beach in Marracuene distrit.
• Matola Town and its surrounding
• The Casa do Ferro (House of Iron) ,transported to Maputo from the Universal Exhibition of Paris;
• The botanical gardens of Tunduru on Av. Samora Machel with its doorway built in the Manueline style;
• The Fort of Nª Senhora da Conceição situated in Praça 25 de Junho (June 25th Square) which has been turned into a military museum;
• The Central Market, known as “Bazar da Baixa”, built in 1901, supplies fresh fruit, vegetables and herbs and a wide variety of handicraft can be purchased there;
• The Catholic Cathedral situated in Praça da Independência and facing the botanical gardens of Tunduru;
• The Mosque, built at the beginning of the XX century;
• The “Yellow House” in Praça 25 de Junho was the seat of the first Colonial Government. Today it is the Money Museum;
• The Natural History Museum, a gothic style building in Praça Travessia de Zambezi, displays many of the animal species natural to Mozambique and a collection, considered unique in the world, of elephant fetuses showing the different months of gestation;
• The National Art Museum on Av.Ho Chi Min;
• The National Geology Museum on Av.24 Julho;
• The Museum of the Revolution Av.24 Julho;
• The Money Museum, on Rua Consiglieri Pedroso

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Nampula
Nampula is a commercial centre and is bordered on the North by the Provinces of Cabo Delgado and Niassa, by Zambezi in the South and West and by the Indian Ocean on the East.
The Ilha de Mozambique, 175 Km from the capital of the Province, Nampula, was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in recognition of its unique cultural and architectural heritage and can be considered the birthplace of the Mozambique nation.
There are a number of ideas as to the original name of this small coral island. Some say it is Muipiti, others say that originated from the word Mussa-Bin-Tiki the name of the son of the Sultan who was at one time lord of the island. The name Mozambique came into use in the XVI century. It was an important trading settlement and one of its notable characteristics was its heterogeneity; Muslins, Hindu and Europeans blended with the indigenous culture.
In 1498, Portuguese navigators landed there, took over the island and expelled all those who had interests there. They made it into a strategic point from where they could venture into the rest of the country. For this purpose the fort of São Sebastião was built and also a “feitoria”(trading post).
One of the traditions of the Ilha is a white extract taken from a root, which the women spread on their bodies and faces to make beautiful masks.
Nampula is a Province rich in landscapes, history and is very well positioned strategically, as can be seen in the cities of Nampula, Ilha de Moçambique, Angoche and Nacala, one of the best natural ports in Africa.
The main ethnic group is the Macua.

Points of note about the Province
• The province offers spectacular landscapes where miombo forests intermingle with inselbergs
• It is in this province that the Nacala Harbour, one the largest natural harbours in the African continent, is situated.

What to visit
• One of the main attractions is  the Ilha de Moçambique (Mozambique Island),  with its buildings of stone and coral. The  Palace of São Paulo, the residence of past governors and now a museum containing ornaments from Portugal, Arabia, Goa, India and China. Behind the Palace is the Museum of Sacred Art, a Hindu Temple and a monument to Luis Camões who wrote part of The “Lusiadas” during his two years stay there.
• Chocas, Relanzapo, Mossuril, Cabaceiras, Nacala Porto, Nacala Velha, Ribaue, Lumbo and Memba are names to consider as destinations to visit while someone is in Nampula Province.
• Nampula is a modern city built along modern architectural lines. On the outskirts of the town the landscape is suddenly and curiously interrupted by a number of granite domes and peaks.
• The Dam that supplies the city with water is also a point of interest.
• A visit to the Cathedral is recommended and also the Ethnography Museum on Av. Eduardo Mondlane where works of art representative of Mozambique culture are on show.
• The city of Angoche on the coast, once inhabited by Arabs and Swahilis is well known for shrimp fishing.

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Niassa
The province of Niassa is situated at the Lichinga high plateau and is encircled by extensive pine tree forests.
The plateau is part of the African Great Rift Valley that encompasses the Great Lakes and the slope from Djibouti to the shores of Lake Niassa.
It borders the Republic of Tanzania and contains the greatest wildlife reserve in the country with its great elephant population as well as many other wildlife species.
Lake Niassa is one of the biggest attractions in the province with its placid and clear waters that are ideal for the practice of water sports such as fishing, diving and boat or canoe trips.
Niassa is the largest Province in Mozambique. There are places of extraordinary beauty to visit contrasting with areas of natural woodland.
Lake Niassa, the third biggest lake in Africa and Malawi delimit the Province to the West, whilst to the East is Cabo Delgado, to the North Tanzania and to the South Nampula and Zambezia.
The main urban centre is Lichinga, on the plain of the same name in the western part of the Province not far from Lake Niassa.
The main ethnic groups are the Macua, the Nyanja and the Yao.

Points of note about the Province
• One of Livingstone’s last expedition routes
• It is considered the last true wilderness in the world or in other words a remnant of the African Garden of Eden
• It is the most remote and unpopulated province in the country

What to visit
• Lake Niassa with its crystal-clear waters.
• The  landscape in the mountain regions.
• The  Niassa National Reserve covering 42.000 km2 and a variety of wildlife that can be seen and photographed such as elephants, lions, leopards, buffaloes, kudu and antelopes.
• Several Ajaua and Nyanja villages.

Sofala
• Beira, in the province of Sofala, is second largest city in the country and its harbour of vital importance to the economy of the central region of the country and to the neighbouring hinterland countries. The city is built below sea level and spreads itself from the harbour area up to the Macuti lighthouse.
• Sofala is situated in central Mozambique, and is an important meeting point between the South, North and West, By means of the Beira “corridor route” an old and very important naturally formed route the North and West can reach the interior and neighbouring countries.
• To the North is Tete and Zambezi, to the South Inhambane, to the West Manica and to the East the Indian Ocean.
• The main urban centre is the city of Beira, built slightly north of the ancient town of Sofala on lands that were originally swamps, below sea level and near one of the most important ports in the country and in Africa. Its name comes from D.Filipe da Beira who landed there on an official visit at the beginning of the XX century.
• The main ethnic groups are the Sena and Ndau.
• The province is home to the Gorongosa National Park that was in the past one of the largest wild life reservations in the world.

What to visit
• The National Park of Gorongosa, the natural habitat of various species of big animals and birds.
• The Marromeu Buffalo Reserve.
• The Cathedral, on Av Eduardo Mondlane, built in1925. Stones dating back to the XVI century from the fort of Sofala, which has since been slowly engulfed by the sea, were used in its construction,
• Infante Sagres House, situated in the square bearing the same name. • House of Portugal, a colonial era building situated in Praça do Metical
• “Casa dos Bicos”, on Av. Samora Machel, is a modern building used for exhibitions and other events.
• Largo do Município (Municipal Square) is a very attractive area, colonial in architecture and situated in the heart of the city. There are shops, esplanades and other establishments inviting the visitor to spend here a few leisurely and pleasant hours.

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Tete

The hottest province in the country Tete is home to the giant Cahora Bassa dam on the Zambeze River, one of the biggest dams in Africa, and the fifth in size in the world. Tete is also the mother land of Nyau dance, a UNESCO world heritage patrimony.
Typical to this area is the long-lived baobab a legendary tree closely associated to the daily life of the local population which may reach a girth of 8 metres and a height of 6 to 15 metres.
Another attraction is the Tchuma Tchato community development program in the region of Bawa focusing on the sustainable use of natural resources as a means of economic self-sufficiency.
Tete is situated on the banks of the Zambezi River and is noted for its contrasts, on the one hand the natural beauty of the landscapes, the “embondeiro” tree (baobab), associated with ancient legends, vast green valleys and on the other hand, the gigantic man-made Cabora Bassa Dam, an amazing feat of engineering and technology.
It is the second largest dam in Africa and the fifth largest in the world. The reservoir has a surface area of 2000 Km2, is 270 Km long and at its widest point reaches over 30 Km.
The main ethnic groups here are the Nyanja and the Nyeuegwe and the Sena. The wealth of the region lies in its minerals and agriculture and cattle farming. Ecotourism is also a potentially strong area still to be developed
In the less known more remote areas, there are wide varieties of wild animals.
It is an important transport junction between the North, with Zambia, the East with Malawi, the West with Zimbabwe and connecting in the South, the Provinces of Manica and Sofala.

Points of note about the Province
• Home to the hydroelectric Cahora Bass Dam
• A province rich in mineral resources such as coal, gold, iron and fluorite amongst others.

What to visit
• The suspension bridge over the River Zambez, built during the 1960’s, links the city of Tete to the carboniferous centre at Moatize.
• The Boroma Church, partially in ruins but which still testifies to the grandeur of this Jesuit Church built at the end of the XIX century.
• The Fort of S. Tiago Maior de Tete, a Portuguese military construction dating back to the XVI century.
• The “fonte nicho” (a natural spring used for water supply, the architecture of which has a strong Portuguese influence) at Vila de Angónia.
• The traditional huts built in the traditional way, with wooden stakes and stones, reeds and clay and covered with a thatched roof are still fairly common in some districts of the Province.
• The Cabora Bassa Dam, in Songo is well worth a visit.
• Tchuma – Tchato Game
• The Stone Forest, which seems to be unique fossil forest in Southern Africa.

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Zambézia

In Zambezia, home to the reserve with the same name, there is an abundance of wild mammals. One cannot overlook its beautiful beaches especially that at Zaiala a tranquil place surrounded by casuarinas trees.
Its thermal springs known locally as “hot fountains” can be seen at Morumbala, Lugela and Bié.
Zambezia is also known for its famous gastronomy full of spicy flavours. Zambezi style chicken cooked in palm oil is famous throughout the country, despite many poor imitations, and is a typical tourist consumable.
Zambezia is situated in the Centre/North part of the country, bordered on the North by the Provinces of Nampula and Niassa, to the South by Sofala, to the West by Malawi and the Province of Tete and to the East, the Indian Ocean.
Facing the Indian Ocean, the vegetation changes as the land become higher. On the low plains, near the coast, there are vast areas of palm trees. Higher up at Gurué the green tea plantations blend with the cotton plantations and the colourful fruit orchards.
On the flat coastline, next to the river Bons Sinais, so called by Vasco da Gama when he discovered that he was finally on the right route to India, is the town of Quelimane capital of the Province and an important trading port.
A little further south, on the mouth of the river Zambez, is Chinde, once a main sugar producing centre and possibly the oldest settlement in Zambézia.
Zambézia, with its many rivers and green valleys is the natural habitat of a wide variety of large mammals and birds. The main reserves are Gilé, in the district of the same name, the natural reserve of Derre, in the District of Morrumbala, home of the grey palapala and the hunting reserve of Madal Safaris in the District of Chinde, home of a wide variety of birds.
The main ethnic groups are the Chuabo, the Lomwé and the Sena

Points of note about the Province
• It is an area with extensive coconut groves
• Beautiful tea plantations

What to visit
• The Gile National Reserve, well combined with Pebane beaches.
• The Ilhas Primeiras e Segundas.
• Mocuba, Alto Molocue and Gurue distrits.
• The Old Cathedral, a magnificent austere building, the Church Nª Senhora do Livramento, built in 1800, and the Mosque of Quelimane, a modern construction with ornate lattice work at the top of the façade
• The “Fontes quentes” (hot water springs) near the towns of Morrumbala, Lugela and Gilé. The temperature of the water is so high it is possible to cook in it.

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  21 September, 2018  
 
Poachers and illegal loggers jailed
 
The Chigubo district court, in the southern Mozambican province of Gaza, has, over the past three months, sentenced 14 people to jail terms of between 15 days and 12 years for poaching and illegal logging in the Banhine National Park.

 
  19 September, 2018  
 
Government approves water management plan
 
The Mozambican government on 18 September approved a National Water Resource Management Plan for the next 20 years that will cost an estimated US$28 billion.

 
  18 September, 2018  
 
President Nyusi wants greater visibility for Mozambique Island
 
Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi on 17 September urged the residents of Mozambique Island, off the coast of the northern province of Nampula, to join the government initiatives intended to grant greater visibility to the island as a cultural treasure.

 


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